Last edited by Springer
11.06.2021 | History

2 edition of Atmospheric temperature profiles of the Northern Hemisphere found in the catalog.

Atmospheric temperature profiles of the Northern Hemisphere

a compendium of data

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      • Includes bibliographical references.

        StatementSpringer
        PublishersSpringer
        Classifications
        LC Classifications2012
        The Physical Object
        Paginationxvi, 67 p. :
        Number of Pages95
        ID Numbers
        ISBN 10940074028X
        Series
        1
        2Springer atmospheric sciences
        3Springer atmospheric sciences
        Basis of the Tables -- Methodology for Models -- Additional Information -- Tables of Atmospheric Profiles (Metric Units) -- Tables of Atmospheric Profiles (English Units) -- Atmospheric Temperature Graphs.

        nodata File Size: 3MB.


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These three different datasets make alternative assumptions about how to account for historical data gaps, which is particularly important in the Arctic region that is key to this study, due to the large spatial gaps in this region coupled with the amplified high-latitude warming in the Northern Hemisphere in recent decades.

This is why the temperature is higher near the tropical regions and decreases towards the poles. Received : 03 January 2017• Of note were Tropical Storm Dolores and Hurricane Enrique, which affected parts of western Mexico with its strong winds, heavy rain, and flash floods. left The vertical distribution of the seasonal amplitude of SWABS averaged over the extratropics from a PI simulation of the GFDL CM2.

June 2021 also marked the 45th consecutive June and the 438-consecutive month with temperatures, at least nominally, above the 20th century average. Therefore, an atmosphere that is heated by shortwave absorption will have a phase lead in the seasonal cycle of temperature relative to an atmosphere that is heated by surface fluxes. The vast majority of this change occurs within the subdomain where sea ice melts, as shown in. As a consequence, the seasonal heating of the atmosphere by SWABS is enhanced in a warmer world and more so in the upper troposphere than in the lower troposphere.

The advective form of the vertically integrated energy flux divergence is derived and discussed in the appendix. First, the heat capacity of the land surface is very small, resulting in a surface that is nearly in energetic equilibrium with the seasonal variation in surface shortwave radiation.

where the meridional temperature gradient is carried out at constant pressure. In general the seasonal heating of the atmosphere by SWABS plus SHF is balanced by listed in order of decreasing importance : 1 reduced meridional heat transport convergence, 2 enhanced OLR, and 3 atmospheric energy storage.

In our study, we have formulated the atmospheric energy budget in terms of the shortwave energy absorbed within the atmosphere and the net nonsolar exchange of energy between the surface and the atmosphere. The land surface is nearly in energetic equilibrium in the annual cycle because of the small heat capacity of the land surfaceand so in these regions the seasonal variations in shortwave radiation at the surface are balanced by upward SHF fluxes to the atmosphere.

Announcements when our monthly updates are released are posted to the. top The seasonal cycle of energy fluxes averaged over the atmosphere in the Northern Hemisphere left extratropical ocean domain and right land domain. The annual average of each term has been removed. 1 PW, which is comparable in magnitude to the annually averaged atmospheric meridional heat transport in each hemisphere. We then average the results over the four instruments to compose monthly averaged climatologies over the observation period.

Our approach is conceptually similarto statistical downscaling of climate model simulations: We utilize large-scale features Atmospheric temperature profiles of the Northern Hemisphere the climate model simulations considered reliable in this case, meridional temperature gradients and then exploit a robust empirical relationship that exists between that feature and the response of interest planetary wave dynamics related to QRA. The GISTEMP analysis is updated regularly.

Claudette contributed to the wetter-than-average conditions across the southeastern contiguous U. SWABS is in phase with the insolation and has similar seasonal amplitudes in the two hemispheres.